From the microcosm of the atomic nuclei to the macrocosm of the starsM. Arnould and M. Katsuma
Institut d'Astronomie et d'Astrophysique, Université Libre de Bruxelles, CP 226, Brussels, Belgium
Published online: 21 May 2008
A necessary condition for the reliable modelling of the structure or evolution of the stars and of their concomitant nucleosynthesis is the availability of good quality nuclear data in a very wide area of the chart of nuclides. This short review presents a non-exhaustive list of nuclear data of astrophysics interest (masses, β-decays, thermonuclear and non-thermonuclear reaction rates) for nuclides at the bottom of the valley of nuclear stability (mainly involved in the modelling of non-explosive phases of stellar evolution), or for more or less highly exotic nuclides (to be considered in the description of stellar explosions). Special emphasis is put on the importance of providing quality nuclear data bases that can be easily used by astrophysicists.
© CEA 2008