Measurement of the 242gAm (T1/2=16.02 hour) fission cross sectionE.F. Fomushkin1, V.V. Gavrilov1, M.F. Andreev1, A.M. Shvetsov1, V.N. Vyachin1, N.I. Iosilevich1, A.A. Portnov2, V.I. Kvasov2, A.F. Kozhin2, A.F. Redkin2, M. Chadwick3 and T. Kawano3
1 Russian Federal Nuclear Center - VNIIEF, Sarov, Russia
2 MEPhI, Moscow, Russia
3 LANL, Los Alamos, USA
Published online: 21 May 2008
There was performed a cycle of 242gAm fission characteristics measurements with the use of IRT-MEPhI reactor. The 242gAm isotope was produced in the course of irradiating 241Am targets in the experimental channel with the density of neutron flux ≈ 2 ×10131/(cm2.s). Then, with no isolation of americium-242 from the irradiated targets the time dependencies of induced fission fragments yield from the targets were measured. Moreover the irradiated americium targets undertook irradiation in another channel of IRT reactor with the density of thermal neutron flux ≈ 5.6 × 1010 1/(cm2.s).
The fission fragments were registered with the aid of dielectric track detectors. In each time dependence of fission fragments an exponent with T1/2=16.02 hour is available; the cross section of 242gAm fission by thermal and resonance neutrons was determined by the intensity of induced fissions with the given half-life. The quantity of 242gAm nuclei in each of irradiated targets was determined basing on accumulation of 242Cm, daughter product of 242gAm decay.
Based on the experimental results for the 242gAm nuclide, the evaluations of both the fission cross section by thermal neutrons and the fission resonance integral were obtained.
© CEA 2008